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BRICK, STONE & TILE 1
Another set of elements in a landscape, are the surfaces of buildings and constructions ( like farm walls ).
Bricks and stone are often various coloured and influenced by light and shade -
Wall and Roof surfaces
Bricks and tiles are usually made from baked clay, and as natural clay has many colours, bricks will vary a great deal in colour depending on the clay, the amount of ‘cooking’, the impurities within the clay and treatment of the surface in manufacture. If you want to see a dazzling range of colour types from different brick makes, look at www.weinerberger.com or www.ibstock.co.uk. Both of these sites show a wide range of UK brick types. Have a look at Google Images -
Older walls show much less mortar -
This house wall in Somerset, shows very little in the way of an edge to the stone blocks, the stone being cut very accurately to size. About the only indication of stone shape is seen in the feint edges showing in the shadow of the sunlight.
The stone in this wall (Right) has been cut from a quarry in the immediate area of the house so all the stone is of identical colour and has weathered over many years in the same way
Where stones are imported from a wider area and cut to fit, we can get quite interesting wall effects (below)
Points to observe in the wall you are painting, are -
Look again at the examples at the head of this page, how some bricks are laid long edge showing and how some are laid end on so that they strengthen the wall by bridging two lines of brick. Most modern brick houses have walls two bricks deep with a cavity between to provide insulation and dry inner walls.
This is not a treatise on bricklaying, but you do need a small amount of knowledge to understand and show brick walls correctly. Bricklaying patterns also vary a great deal, but virtually all depend on an overlap of brick or stone over joints to hold the wall together. Those patterns of brick or stone wall laying will vary a great deal and most walls will show both small and large brick edges on the outer surface.
The important factor in portraying a brick or stone wall is to get the varied colours showing, the fact that individual bricks will have different colours, and that the mortar line (if there is one) will usually be inset and therefore the all important shadows will be seen which give the stone or brick shape and solidity in your drawing.
Bear in mind that every brick does not have to be shown in detail (unless you wish to, of course !).
It is quite normal to lay down an overall colour layer and then define some areas of individual bricks.
If you decide to take this approach, remember the use of indented line to keep the image of the mortar line free of the general colour layer.
Let us look at some examples of techniques to show lines of bricks and areas of stone.
This first set of illustrations are from the exercise called ‘Garden Arch’
Deep mortar lines showing dark shadows in the the sunlight
Lines of sandy coloured mortar and sandy bricks. In some cases only the shadow shows where the mortar line runs
Mortar with only very shallow indentation, but very visible through the use of white mortar.
Note the varied colour bricks
A old stone wall partly rebuilt with modern brick
In this example, the brickwork is the frame to the picture -
In the first image ( right ) overall colour has been laid down with areas of mortar left white. You will note that in many cases the bricks will also have lighter areas on the surface where they have aged. Check which direction the sunlight is coming from and make sure that all your sunlit edges correspond. The lit edge of each brick will usually be the top edge where it stands proud of the mortar. A problem will arise when you get bricks laid in an arch, as in this case, and each brick will have to be checked against your reference to make sure your lit and shadow edges correspond to the light fall.
Once you are sure that the lines of bricks are laid down correctly on your paper, you can build up the colour -
I will go on to look in more detail at the way light shows up the shape of bricks.
When you are working an image with lines of bricks, there is no need to carefully complete each brick -
The image below gives a simplified view of a line of bricks. Firstly note that the ‘horizontal’ mortar lines are not horizontal. They are shown at different angles converging on a point to the left ( about 18 inches away on my original ).
This point will be at eye level in the distance and may be way off the paper -
The point of this drawing is to highlight the fact that you need to sketch light lines on to the working surface to get your perspective right before you work the bricks. The next step is to ensure that you leave the light edges (above and to the right in my example) in either white or light coloured pigment and -
Let us now look at the process of showing a dry stone wall -
AS you will see from this example from the Yorkshire Dales near Richmond, the stones ‘weather’ and show areas of light and dark stone -
There is no mortar and the wall is of a quite uniform colour, highlighted against the landscape behind it, but given form by the dark areas of shadow within the wall. This makes it much easier to reproduce as the technique is to first apply the lightest colour, then apply successively darker tones finishing off with a final layer of your darkest grey/brown -
Try to avoid using Black. The colour is too ‘dead’
Note how the wall is constructed in layers with a final topping of stones laid vertically. In the photo above there has been some aging of the wall with some loss of stone to the near right. The wall may have been lightly repaired but the lines of stone as originally laid are now disrupted and this gives some foreground interest
Here is an example of a dry stone wall worked in Coloured Pencil on a Hot Pressed Watercolour paper.
The paper has some grain to it so the effect is to duplicate the gritty effect of the stone where the pigment hits and misses the surface.
The lower image shows the detail larger than actual size.
Note how the lower portion of the wall is shadowed to highlight the long green grass and there is also deep shadow in the lower parts of the grass which brings up the light catching the long grass tops.
The grass is drawn in with long vertical strokes, the wall stones are generally (but not always) horizontal and follow the line of the wall
The top of the wall is lit by the sunlight and the areas of shadow give shape to the individual stones within the wall.
Try to select a reference that has good areas of contrasting light.
Here the foreground shadow emphasizes the sunlit grass in the field beyond.
STONE & TILE
In the landscape
and Wax type pencils
|Glossary of CP Terms|
|Introducing step by steps|
|sbs basic shapes|
|sbs fruit bowl|
|sbs polperro B|
|sbs rectory garden|
|The Bowerman Stone|
|sbs to come|
|Price and Content|
|Papers for Wax type pencils|
|Papers for Watercolour pencils|
|Papers for Pastel pencils|
|Papers for mixed media with CP|
|Black Paper Fade|
|Non standard papers for wax pencils|
|Application of colour|
|Density of Colour|
|Results on Different Papers|
|Ways of using Aquarelles|
|Why Underpainting ?|
|Backgrounds with Aquarelles 1|
|Backgrounds with Aquarelles 2|
|A Brush with W/C Pencils|
|Foliage in W/C Pencil|
|Step by Step - Coventry Canal|
|Cottage Garden - Step by Step PDF|
| Italian Street step by step 1|
|Italian Street step by step 2|
|Brokken Bridge Step By Step PDF|
|Coventry Canal 2|
|CP & Pastel|
|CP & W/c Pencils|
|CP & Other media|
|Archway - Mixed Media sbs|
|Cottage Entrance Mixed Media sbs|
|Annecy Reflections 1|
|Annecy Reflections 2|
|working on coloured paper|
|Still Life Points|
|BURNISHING, Blenders and Burnishers|
|Landscape Tutorial- Grand Union|
|clouds & skies|
|Brick, Stone & Tile|
|Brick stone and tile 2|
|Colour and complementaries|
|Boats & Water|
|Form & Space|
|Drawing from Life - introduction|
|using a camera|
|transfering an image|
|keeping a record|
|printing 2 - layout|
|Life Drawing 1 - the basics|
|November 2011 Landscape SBS|
|July 2012 - Kitten Step by Step|
|Old Blog Posts as at Dec 2014|
|Aix En Provence series|
|New input ( from Dec 2014)|